Medicinal & Local plants


My goal in our yard is to have plants that I can eat, that are medicinal or that are helpful to the other plans in the yard. In that effort, I went through a book of medicinal plants and took down the names of everything that didn’t like “toxic” or “fatal” or something of the sort. I also didn’t take down the names of anything listed as “invasive” but the book couldn’t be perfect since it’s for the U.S. not just east TN. So I found a great website http://www.tneppc.org that lists invasive plants as well as suggests native plants for the area. I used the list to remove all invasive plants from my list and to give preference to the native plants.

I found nearly 30 native plants that are supposed to be useful beyond just looking pretty.

Adiantum pedatum Maidenhair fern
Alnus serrulata Smooth alder
Anemone virginiana Thimbleweed
Aralia spinosa Devil’s walking stick, angelica tree
Aruncus dioicus Goat’s beard
Baptisia australis Blue false indigo
Callicarpa americana American Beauty bush, French mulberry
Caltha palustris Marsh-marigold, cowslip (may intoxicate)
Calycanthus floridus Carolina allspice
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea, red root
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush
Corylus americana American Hazelnut
Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower
Geranium maculatum Wild or spotted geranium
Hamamelis virginiana Witch Hazel
Heuchera americana Alumroot
Impatiens capensis Jewelweed, spotted touch-me-not
mitchella repens Partridgeberry/squaw vine
Ostrya virginiana Hop-Hornbeam
Panax quinquefolius American Ginseng
Passiflora incarnata Passion-flower, Maypop
Polemonium reptans Greek Valerian, Jacob’s ladder
Polygonatum biflorum Solomon’s Seal
Rhus aromatica Fragrant or stinking sumac
Rhus copallina Winged or dwarf sumac
Tradescantia virginiana Spiderwort
Vaccinium macrocarpon Cranberry

Here are all of the plants that weren’t listed as invasive but also weren’t listed as native and are supposed to be useful beyond looking pretty.

Adiantum capillus-veneris Venus maidenhair fern
Agastache foeniculum Blue giant hyssop, anise-hyssop
Agastache nepetoides Yellow giant hyssop
Agrimonia parviflora Small-flower agrimony
Althaea officinalis Marshmallow
Amaranthus hybridus Smooth pigweed
Anaphalis margaritacea Pearly Everlasting
Anethum graveolens Dill
Apios americana Groundnut
Aplectrum hyemale Adam and eve root, putty root
Aralia nudicaulis Wild Sarsaparillia
Aralia racemosa Spikenard
Arctium lappa Great burdock
Arctium minus Common burdock
Artemisia absinthium Wormwood
Artemisia dracunculus Wild or Russian Tarragon
Aster novae-angliae New England aster
Avena fatua Wild oats
Baptisia tinctoria Wild indigo
Berberis vulgaris Common barberry
Borago officinalis (don’t eat, just grow w/
tomatoes)
Borage
Brassica rapa Wild Mustard
Callirhoe involucrata Purple poppy-mallow
Campanulastrum americanum Tall bellflower
carum carvi Caraway
Chamaelirium luteum Devil’s bit
Chelone glabra Turtlehead balmony
Clintonia borealis Clintonia, bluebeard lily
Cnicus benedictus Blessed thistle
Comptonia peregrina Sweetfern
convovulus arvensis Field bindweed? (mailbox)
Conyza canadensis Horseweed, Canada fleabane
Corallorrhiza maculata Spotted Coralroot
Cynoglossum virginianum Wild Comfry
Cypripedium acaule Pink Lady’s-slipper
Cypripedium pubescens Yellow Lady’s Slipper, American Valerian
Dalea purpurea Purple prairie-clover
Duchesnea indica Indian Strawberry
Echinacea angustifolia Narrow-leaved purple, coneflower
Echinacea pallida Pale Purple Coneflower
Eclipta prostrata Eclipta
Elytrigia repens Quack grass
Epilobium angustifolium Fireweed
Equisetum arvense Field horsetail
Equisetum hyemale Scouring rush, greater horsetail
Erechtities hieracifolia Pilewort, Fireweed
Erigeron philadelphicus Daisy Fleabane
Erodium cicutarium Stork’s bill, alfileria
Erythonium americanum Trout lily
Eupatorium maculatum Spotted Joe-pye-weed
Eupatorium purpureum Sweet Joe-pye-weed
Fagopyrum esculentum Buckwheat
Filipendul rubra Queen of the prairie
Foeniculum vulgare Fennel
Gentianella quinquefolia Stiff gentian, ague-weed
Geranium robertianum Herb robert
Helianthemum canadense Frostweed
Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem artichoke
Hieracium venosum Rattlesnake-weed
Houstonia caerulea Bluets
Hyssopus officinalis Hyssop
Impatiens pallida Yellow jewelweed
Lactuca canadensis Wild lettuce
Ledum groenlandicum Labrador tea
Leonurus cardiaca Motherwort
Liatris aspera Rough blazing-star
Lilium canadense Canada lily
Lilium philadephicum Wood lily
Linaria vulgaris Butter-and-eggs
Lindera benzoin Spicebrush
Linnaea borealis Twinflower
Linum usitatissimum Flax
Lithospermum canescens Hoary Puccoon
Lobelia inflata Lobelia, Indian-tobacco
Lysimachia quadrifolia Whorled loosestrife
Maianthemum canadense False Lily of the Valley/Canada Mayflower
Maianthemum racemosum spp. racemosum False Solomon’s Seal
Maluva neglecta Common mallow, cheese
Malva sylvestris High Mallow
Marrubium vulgare Horehound
Matricaria discoidea Pineapple Weed
Matricaria recutita Chamomile
Medeola virginiana Indian cucumber
Melissa officinalis Lemon Balm, Melissa
Metha canadensis Canadian mint
Monarda didyma Bee-balm, Oswego tea
Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot, Purple bee-balm
Monarda punctata Horsemint
Monotropa uniflora Indian pipe
Myrica gale Sweet gale
Nepeta cataria Catnip
Oenothera biennis Common evening-primrose
Opuntia humifusa Prickly-pear cactus
Pedicularis canadensis Lousewort, wood betony
Penthorum sedoides Ditch stonecrop
Pleopeltis polypodioides Resurrection fern
Polygala senega Seneca Snakeroot
Polygonum hydropiper Common smartweed, mild water pepper
Portulaca oleracea Purslane
Potentilla arguta Tall cinquefoil
Prenanthes alba White lettuce, Rattlesnake Root
Prunella vulgaris Heal-all, self-heal
Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium ssp. obtusifolium Sweet Everlasting, Rabbit Tobacco
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac
Rhus hirta Staghorn sumac
Ribes americanum Black currant
Ricinus communis (don’t eat the seeds) Castor-oil-plant, castor bean
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed susan
rudbeckia laciniata Green-headed coneflower
Rumex acetosella Sheep sorrel
Rumex crispus Yellow or curly dock
Salvia lyrata Lyre-leaved sage, cancerweed
Sanguisorba officinalis Salad burnet
Scutellaria lateriflora Mad-dog skullcap
Silphium perfoliatum Cup-plant
Silybum marianum Milk thistle
Sisyrinchium angustifolium Blue-eyed grass
Sonchus arvensis Field sow-thistle
Spiraea tomentosa Steeplebush, hardhack
Stylophorum diphyllum Celandine poppy
Taraxacum officinale Dandelion
Thymus vulgaris Thyme
Trifolium pratense Red clover
Trifolium repens White clover
Trillium erectum Red trillium, wakerobin, bethroot
Uvularia grandiflora Large bellwort
Uvularia perfoliata Perfoliate bellwort
Uvularia sessilifolia Wild oats
Valerian officinalis or Valerian sitchensis Valerian
Verbena hastata Blue vervain
Vernonia glauca Ironweed
Viburnum nudum Possumhaw, southern wild raisin
Vitex agnus-castus Chaste tree
Xanthorhiza simplicissima Yellowroot
Zanthoxylum americanum Northern prickly-ash
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Southern prickly-ash

Here’s a link to the invasive species by plant type. One thing I think is crazy is the fact that Bradford Pears are invasive. They are everywhere! Anyway, I hope this list is helpful!

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~ by rebeccaclaire on April 20, 2009.

2 Responses to “Medicinal & Local plants”

  1. goodness, i think you have everything there *but* tansy!

  2. Thank you,
    very interesting article

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